Adirondack Directory - Wilderness


Bog River

Horseshoe Lake Wild Forest * Hitchins Pond Primitive Area 8 Lows Lake Primitive Area * Tupper Lake Boat Launch * Confier Easement Lands  As edited by IAATAP from the full DEC management report (click here for full report)


Pre 1770's the native American Indians occupied this region.  It wasn't until 1772 when Archibald Campbell surveyed the northern line that the region was mapped.   Benjamin Tupper, a surveyor, traversed the area while running lines for the Macomb's Purchase, and named the lake after himself.     In 1845, the first settler arrived in the Tupper Lake region -- Michael Cole.   In 1850, Pomeroy Lumber Company from Maine began operations in Tupper Lake; and the state legislature appropriated funds for improvement of the Raquette River with a small dam at Setting Pole Rapids.  In 1855, William Stillman, artist and journalist, cleared land where the now Tupper Lake  House became a resort.  His compound was only six buildings and about 20 acres of cleared land; but over several owner changes, it developed into a resort.   In 1873, Verplank Colvin surveyed the area.


In 1889, the Northern NY Railroad reached Tupper Lake; and by 1892 the final spikes of the railway were set.  October 24th was the first train that ran through Tupper from New York to Montreal.   Paper companies, spring water bottling, maple syrup production and farming were common to the community development.   International paper formed in 1898.  A.L. Low was bottling spring water in 1903; Horse Shoe Forestry Company peak year for maple syrup was in 1907; Emporium Lumber started its operations in 1910 in the area and expanded the rail to Childwood, and by 1915 it carried passengers to Cranberry Lake under the name of Grass River Railroad. 

  • The Horseshoe Lake Wild Forest (21,336.37 acres) is in the townships of Colton and Piercefield (St. Lawrence County) and includes large portions of the west and south shoreline of Tupper Lake (Franklin County), surrounds Horseshoe Lake and most of lower Bog River (Hamilton County).

  • Hitchins Pond Primitive Area (2,166.93 acres)  is in the towns of Piercefield and Colton (St. Lawrence County) and includes two large dams of Low Upper and Lower dams which are essential to preserving the canoe route and wetland habitat.  The area encompasses the eastern access to the wilderness canoe route which leads from Bog River, through Hitchins Pond, past Lows Upper Dam and across Lows Lake to the western shores of Five Pond Wilderness area.

  • Lows Lake Primitive (6,155 acres) is in the Town of Colton (St. Lawrence County).  This area is integral part of the Hitchins Pond - Lows Lake-Oswegatchie River canoe route.

  • Conifer Easement Land (6,103.2 acres) make up the northwestern and north central portions, and there is a small 1.35 parcel west of the village of Tupper Lake serving as the boat launch and parking.

         Titbits:  1918, the Arab Mountain steel fire tower was installed (35')




Camping is prohibited within 150 feet of any road, trail, spring, stream, pond or other body of water except at camping areas designated by the DEC".  For full details of camping regulations in our wilderness (click here).  The regulations are suggested reading before going out into the wilderness.  Please practice "leave no trace."   The Bog River Wilderness has 43 designated campsites (18 accessible by water and 24 roadside).  IAATAP maintains a full directory of Camping, to explore nearby camping areas, click here.  Click here to view the Bog River Area Map.


     Primitive Campsites (28)

  • Bog River Falls (1)

  • Bog River Flow (11)

  • Mt. Arab (1)

  • Horseshoe Station (3)

  • Bridge Brook Pond (4)

  • Tupper Lake (7)

  • Horseshoe Lake (16)

  • Lower Dam (1)

  • Sabattis Road (3)

  • Bog River (3)

  • Hitchins Pond (3)

  • Mtn. Camp Lot (2)


  • Lean to on Tupper Lake

  • Lean-to Goodman

  • Lean-to Trout Pond


  • Bathroom building at Tupper Boat Launch

  • Upper Dam

     Public Facilities:

  • Tupper Boat Launch

Titbits:  DEC regulation requires that groups of ten or more persons camping on state land obtain a permit from a forest ranger. DEC policy prohibits issuing group camping permits to groups wanting to camp on forest preserve lands in the Adirondacks that are classified as wilderness, primitive or canoe area. This policy was developed to protect natural resources, the primeval character of the area and exceptional wilderness experiences for all recreationists, and follows Leave No Trace practices.



The Adirondacks is rich in bird life.  Birds associate with marshes, ponds, lakes, and streams are numerous.  There is about 15% of wetlands in this region.  The largest wetland complex are in the vicinity of Hitchins Pond and the Raquette Lake region.  The Hitchins Pond wetland are 250 acres in size and are open bog habitat.   While, the Tupper Lake marsh wetlands consists of 1000 acres of freshwater wetlands.    The Horseshoe Lake Wild Forest Unit contains habitat for 40 species of mammals, 136 species of birds, 8 species of reptiles and 16 species of amphibians.


The breeding birds found in the Bog River area consist of:  Sparrows (Swamp, Lincoln, Song, House, Chipping, Northern Rough-winged, White-throated); Hawks (Red tailed, Broad-wing, Sharp-shinned), Ducks (American Black, Wood, Mallard),   Merganser (Common, Hooded), Northern Goshawk, Blackbird (Red-Wing, Rusty), Ruby-throat Hummingbird, Herons (Great Blue, Green-backed), Cedar Waxwing, Ruffed Grouse, American Bittern, Canada Goose, Owls (Great Horned, Barred), Common Goldeneye, Whip-poor-will, Pine Siskin, American Goldfinch, House Finch, Turkey Vulture, Thrush (Hermit, Swainson, Wood), Brown Creeper, Belted Kingfisher, Chimney Swift, Killdeer, Northern Harrier, Evening Grosbeak, Cockoo (Yellow-billed and black-billed), Northern Flicker, Doves (Rock, Mournin), Eastern Wood-Pewee, American Crow, Common Raven, Blue Jay, Warbler (Black-throated, Bay breasted, Mourning, Black-and-White, Yellow-rumped, Blackburnian, Magnolia, Yellow, Blackpoll, Black-throated Green), Gray Catbird, Flycather (Alder, Yellow-bellied, Great Crested, Olive-sided, Least), American Kestrel, Common Snipe, Common Yellowthroat, Swallow (Cliff, Barn, Tree), Northern Oriole, Dark-eyed Junco, Gerring Gull, Brown-headed Cowbird, Northern Parula, Chickadee (Black-capped, Boreal), Indigo Buntingm Gray Jay, Ring-necked Pheasant, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Woodpeckers (Black-backed, Downy), Scarlet Tanager, Common Grackle, Kinglet (Ruby-crowned, Golden-crowned), Eastern phoebe, American Woodcock, Ovenbird, Northern Waterthrush, American Redstart, Eastern Bluebird, Nuthatch (Red-breasted, White-breasted), Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Eastern Meadowlark, European Starling, House Wren, American Robin, Eastern Kingbird, Vireo (Warbling, Red-eyed, Solitary, Philadelphia).






Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)


Golden Eagle - Picture credits to WikipediaThe golden eagle is a species once found in the Adirondacks.  Golden Eagles have nested at elevations between 1,500 and 2,600 ft and have used the Tupper Lake Marshes during migration.  Surveys conducted by the New York Habitat Inventory Unit, open habitat suitable for Golden Eagles has decreased at all and is on the "Endangered" list.





Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis)

The Grouse prefers the boreal acid bog forest where it selects immature or uneven-aged spruce-fir habitat.  Mosses, lichens, and shrubs provide nesting and foraging ground cover in areas where the forest canopy is less dense.  Because their forested wetland habitat is poorly drained, grouse move on to upland summer range to dust and forage.  They and endangered bird of this region, and have confirmed to be nesting in the Tupper Lake Marshes.






Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)


Bald Eagle - Picture credits to WikipediaThe bald eagle is currently listed as a threatened species by the federal government and New York.  Bald eagles are sensitive to human disturbance; so if you are fortunate to see one, please "Do Not Disturb".  Efforts to reestablish the bald eagle through "hacking" program began in 1981 and 1983.  Nest have been found west of Bog River Flow.  White pines near the shoreline serve as a good canopy for the Eagles.  Fishing makes up the majority of their diet.




Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)

The Northern Harrier is a bird of open country and is associated with wet to mesic habitats.  Bogs and other wetland habitats provided nesting sites for northern harriers in the Adirondacks.  They nest on the ground, either on hummocks or directly on the ground in nests that are woven from grass and stick.


Least Bitten  (Ixobrychus exilis)

Emergent wetlands such as cattail marshes are the preferred habitat for least bitterns in upstate New York.   Nests woven of cattails and various other herbaceous species are usually built by the male and placed from one to four feet above water level.


Osprey (Pandion haliates)


Osprey - Picture credits to WikipediaThe American Osprey is of special concern. Osprey breed near large bodies of water where there is abundant fish populations.  Numerous sightings are within the Adirondack.  Osprey construct their nest in tall dead tress, but also use rocky ledges, sand dunes, artificial platforms, and utility pole cross arms for a tall advantage point. The power company has started to built Osprey poles because they often select power poles causing issues when moving their youth from the endangerment of the power lines. 





SPECIAL CONCERN__________________________________________________________



Common Loon (Gavia immer)

Common Loon - Picture credits to WikipediaThe Common Loon is a species of special concern and are located through out the Adirondacks  They use small and large freshwater lakes in open and densely forested areas for breeding and nest on lakes (mostly less habited lakes). The Loons will use little shallow coves for nesting which are constructed on the ground at the water’s edge on sand or rock, wherever to avoided predators.  Small islands are their favorite or small peninsular.  The have observed on Lows Lake and Hitchins Pond.  Loons are spooked easily and sometimes human disturbances, result in nest abandonment.   They have a beautiful call - click:  Common Loon - Cornell Lab of Ornithology.   It is best to listen to them, than try to watch them to avoid nest abandonment.  Also, death of adults are contributed to lead toxicity.  Fishermen, please don't loose your lead weights!


American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)

The American bittern is a bird of freshwater emergent wetlands where it typically nests on a grass tussock or among the cattails.  Here it lays its eggs from four to 18 inches above the water in scanty nests made from sticks, grass, and sedges.  Separate paths are made in the tall vegetation for entering and exiting the nest.



Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli)

Bicknell's Thrush - Picture credits to Wikipedia

Bicknell's Thrush utilizes fir waves and natural disturbances as well as edges of ski slopes. They breed in the Adirondacks at elevations greater than 2800 ft. The species is most common on the highest ridges of the Adirondacks, preferring young or stunted dense stands of balsam fir up to 9 ft. in height.  



Red-Shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Red Shoulder Hawk - Picture credits to WikipediaThe Red-shouldered Hawk is listed as species of special concern and believed to exist.  Red-shouldered hawks breed in moist hardwood, forested wetlands, bottomlands and the wooded margins of wetlands, and sometimes close to cultivated fields. They like cool, moist, lowland forests with tall trees for nesting.



Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)


Cooper's Hawk - Picture credits to WikipediaThe Cooper's Hawk is another species of special concern and believed to be in the Siamese Wilderness. Cooper’s hawk enjoys a variety of habitat types, from extensive deciduous or mixed forests to scattered woodlots interspersed with open fields, floodplain forests and wooded wetlands are also used. They construct nests typically at a height of 35 to 45 feet in the trees.







Sharp-skinned Hawk - These hawks prefer open or young woodlands that support a large diversity of avian prey. They use mixed conifer-deciduous forest for nesting.


Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) - Tall trees with a partial canopy closure for nesting, and woodlands with small, open areas for foraging, are important habitat.   The goshawks prefer dense, mature, continuous coniferous or mixed woods where they typically place their nest 30 to 40 feet off the ground in the crotch of a tree.


Common Nighthawk  (Chordeiles minor) - Two distinct nesting habitats used by common nighthawks are bare flat rocks, and bare ground in open fields and pastures.  Nighthawks also nest in mountainous areas, provided woods are interspersed with clearings or openings.


Veery (Catharus fuscescens)  - The Veery prefers moist to wet woodlands and inhabits forests having thick undergrowth.  It is most common in low, wet deciduous and coniferous forests. In mature forests the Veery occupies north-facing slopes or wet depressions where the microclimate is cooler.  The Veery usually nests on the ground, at the base of shrubs, roots, fallen branches or tree sprouts.



Wild Species of Concern___________________________________

The reptile and amphibian population in the Bog River area include:  Frogs (Bull, Gray Treefrog, Green, Mink, Pickerel, Eastern American Toad and Wood), Snake (Common Garter), Salamanders (Northern Dusky, Northern Two-lined), and Painted Turtles.


SpottedSalamander.jpg Spotted Salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) - The Spotted Salamander have two rows of yellowish orange spots that run along the back side.  They make their home in hardwood forest area and spend most of its time below the surface, under leaves or burrows; and use nearby ponds for breeding in the Spring.  They have poison glands around their back and neck, to release as protection against their predators.  This toxin is harmless to humans.  They are nocturnal hunters and are on the "Special Concern" list.




Wood Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta)

The wood turtle is found in well oxygenated  good quality streams with sandy-pebbly substrates that are deep enough so that they do not freeze during hibernation Ideal habitat includes dense alder swamp and forested wetland habitat bordering the streams where the turtles can bask and have protection from predators.  Wood turtles forge for fungi and vegetation.  Wood turtles select both slopes and level sandy open areas for nest sites. They are listed as species of interest because of the long maturity rate (15 years) and high hatchling mortality.





The Bog River has many lakes & ponds, and 30 miles of streams.   The area’s five brook trout ponds - Big Trout, Little Trout, Black, High, and Bridge Brook Ponds, support an estimated 2,500 to 5,500 angler trips per year.   Below are listed some of the lakes, ponds and streams for hikers and anglers might wish to explore.   Visit our Fishing Directory for more information on other regions.  Also, don't forget the Ice Fishing Season!  Please note that the use of fish as bait is prohibited to curtail the 'bait-pail' introduction of competing and nonnative fish species.  Thanks.



Historically, the Lyon Mt. range (extending from Mt. Matumbla to Arab Mountain/Wolf Mountain) had been named "lake belt" as this area was depressed below the general topography. 

  • Tupper Lake (3,782 acres two story lake) - most popular w/yr angling opportunities for northern pike, walleye, small & largemouth bass, yellow perch, rock bass, pumpkinseed, rainbow smelt, white sucker, sisco, pan fish, brown bullhead, golden shiners and lake trout.    

  • Raquette Pond (1,024 acres two story lake) - the cold water species includes sisco, rainbow smelt and lake trout, and warm water species such as northern pike, walleye, small & largemouth bass, yellow perch, rock bass, pumpkinseed and white sucker.

  • Piercefield Flow (368 acres two story lake) - small & largemouth bass, northern pike, pumpkinseed, yellow perch, brown bullhead, white sucker, rainbow smelt, redbreasted sunfish, golden shiners and minnow species.

  • Lows Lake (or Bog River Flow) (2,845 acres two story lake) - largemouth bass, brook trout, white sucker, and pumkinseed.

  • Pine Pond (13 acres warm water lake) with brown bullhead, small & largemouth bass, northern pike, pumpkinseed, yellow perch, brown bullhead, white sucker, minnow species and brown bullhead.

  • Horseshoe Lake (399 acres warm water lake) - yr angling, shallow lake with yellow perch, white suckers, tiger muskellunge, small & largemouth bass, northern pike, pumpkinseed,  brown bullhead,  tiger muskellunge and minnow species.

  • Hitchins Pond (147 acres warm water lake, non-motorized) - small & largemouth bass, northern pike, pumpkinseed, yellow perch, brown bullhead, white sucker, golden shiners, creek chub and minnow species.  

  • Little Trout Pond (45 acres warm water pond) - native lake trout, brook trout, pumpkinseed, white sucker, brown bullhead

  • Trout Pond (157 acres Adirondack brook trout pond) -Pumpkinseed, white sucker, brown bullhead, brook trout, lake trout

  • High Pond (39 acres Adirondack brook trout pond) -  brook trout

  • Little Pine Pond (8 acres warm water pond) -  too warm to support fishery development

  • Bridge Brook Pond (167 acres Adirondack brook trout pond), brook trout

  • Black Pond (19 acres Adirondack brook trout pond) - stocked with brook trout

  • Sardine Pond - no surveyed

  • High Pond - signs of acidification, brook trout

  • Black Pond - signs of acidification

  • Oneida Lake - (80 acres) with 20' dept

  • Lows Lake - largemouth bass, brook trout, pumpkinseed,  Float plane access.

  • Big Brook Pond - Brook trout, white suckers, brown bullhead and common shiners

  • Big Trout Pond - native lake trout, brook trout

  • Bog River Flow, brook trout and largemouth bass

     Rivers/Creeks (30 miles)

  • Raquette River

  • Grass River ("Scenic" at the south branch)

  • Oswegatchie River

  • Dead Creek

  • Bear Brook

  • Bog River ("Scenic" from Lows Lower Dam to the outlet at Tupper Lake) - stocked with brook trout

  • Sucker Brook

  • Cold Brook

  • Bridge Brook

  • South Branch Grass River

  • Round Lake Outlet ("Scenic" from the outlet of Round Lake to the confluence with the Bog River)


     Canoe Launch

  • Lower Dam

The most popular canoe route begins at Lows Lower Dam and continues up the Bog River to and across Lows Lake and then down the Oswegatchie River to Inlet. It provides a very unique 30-mile Wilderness canoe trip divided at midpoint by a 3 ½ mile carry. While only a small percentage go beyond Lows Lake, the availability of this route provides an opportunity to utilize the canoe over a long distance without having to contend with currents or dangerous rapids.  The Bog River, from below Lows Lower Dam to the confluence with Round Lake Stream, provides a canoe route with several rapids which is only usable in the spring.  Raquette Pond, Tupper Lake, and Piercefield Flow also offer canoeists the opportunity for short trips to picnic or fish.


Horse Trails

New York Codes Rules and Regulations (“NYCRR”) §190.8(n) authorizes the use of state owned lands by horses and equestrians.  However, the use of horses on designated foot trails is prohibited unless the trail is also specifically designated as a horse trail. Horse trails in a Wilderness area to:  “those that can be developed by conversion of appropriate abandoned roads, snowmobile trails, or state truck trails.”  Visit our Adirondack Horseback Directory for other areas.



All Terrain Bicycles


The use of all-terrain bicycles (ATB's) has become an increasingly popular recreational activity in portions of the Adirondack Park.  Recent regulatory changes prohibit bicycle use in wilderness, primitive, and canoe areas.  In wild forest areas ATB's are permitted on all unposted roads or trails.  This region lacks signs but is abundant with roadways and trails.  Some of the permitted routes are:  Otterbrook Road from Horseshoe Lake where it ends through and included the Massawepie Road and Trout Pond trail extending from Lows Lower Dam to Trout Pond.  Bicycling on Yorkshire Easement lands have become popular due to the numerous logging trails.






Hunters enjoy pack & paddling into the region for weeks of hunting and trapping.    The hunting species in this region is the big game of the common white-tailed deer, black bear and moose. 

Smaller species of the furbearers include Eastern Coyote, Bobcat, Beaver, Muskrat, Fisher, River Otter, Mink, Raccoon, Red & Gray Fox, Ermine, Long-tailed Weasel, Striped Skunk, Virginia Opossum and Marten.  Unprotected small game in the area are:  Woodchuck, Porcupine, Chipmunk, Red Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Shrews (Masked, Water, Pigmy, Short-tailed and Smokey), Hairy-tailed Mole, Little Brown Bat, Mouse (Deer, white-footed, Meadow Jumping, Woodland Jumping), Voes (Meadow, Rock) and Lemming (Sn. and Nn. Bog).


Hiking Trails


The backcountry acreage is enormous and the Adirondacks has the largest trail system in the nation with more than 2,000 miles.  Enjoy the glory of hiking the Adirondacks, nature's solitude, unbroken forest, lakes and mountains and take the path less taken.  Focus on your senses.  Visit our Adirondack Hiking Guide


The DEC trail classification system is outlined in the Forest Preserve Policy Manual. This classification system recognizes four trail classifications as outlined below:



Class 1:

Trail Distinguishable: Minimal biological or physical impacts, slight loss of vegetation and/or minimal disturbance of organic litter

Class 2:

Some Impacts: Tail obvious, slight loss of vegetation cover and/or organic litter pulverized in primary use areas, muddy spots or tree roots, or water action evident.

Class 3:

Moderate Impacts: Vegetation cover and/or organic littler pulverized within the center of the tread, exposed rocks and trees or small mud holes, but little evidence of widening beyond the maintained width of the trail.

Class 4:

Extensive Impacts: Near complete or total loss of vegetation cover and organic litter, rocks or tree roots exposed and roots damaged, or ruts more than 20cm (7.8 inches) deep, or widening caused by muddy areas or water action consistently.

Class 5:

Very Extensive Impacts: Trail to bedrock or other substrate, or tree roots badly damaged, or some ruts more than 50 cm (19.5 inches) deep or large areas (over 50%) of bank erosion, or mud holes so extensive that the trail is outside of its maintained width.

     Marked Trails

NYSDEC Foot Trail DiskMost trails are marked with color coded disks affixed to trees as shown (see left). Trail guides and maps correspond to these markers. Trail register boxes are generally located near major access points and parking areas. Although out state-maintained trails are marked, hikers are encouraged to consult topographical maps or other guides when planning to venture into the backcountry. 

     Trail Registers

  • Mt. Arab

     Foot Trails 

  • Mt. Arab (.3 mi) and (.7 mi) - The Mt. Arab trail, approximately one mile in length, is located off the Mt. Arab Road. The trail crosses CE lands and ends at the fire tower on the summit.  Below are some trail maps (click on thumbnail to enlarge)

Horseshoe Lake Wild Forest   Coney Mountain Trail
Hitchins Pond Overlook Trail Trout Pond Lean-to Trail
Twin Mountain Trail  

       Unmarked trails (4.8 miles)

  • Coney Mountain presently has a path to the summit from SH 30. The path is approximately .6 miles in length and is moderately steep.

     Water Access

  • From Raquette Lake up South Inlet via motor boat.  Use public boat launch from town or marinas.  Small non-motorized can be launched at Gold Beach Campground.

  • Lake Durant Campground boat launch, or small boats from Cascade Pond Trailhead, or hand launch from many points along the road.

  • South Inlet - small boats, canoes, kayaks may be  hand-launched from the waterway access site on Route 28.  Paddle to South Inlet Falls.

  • Floatplane into Lows Lake


  • 2695' Long Tom Mountain

  • 2500' Arab Mountain

  • 2309' Buck Mountain

  • 2280' Coney Mountain

  • 2168' Haystack Mountain

  • 2152' Wheeler Mountain


  • Winding Falls - not accessible by trails

  • Bog River Falls - splendid waterfalls at the mouth of the Bog River at the Day Use area

     Follow those have gone before:

  • Horseshoe Lake Rock Slide -

  • Five Day trip on Lows Lake & Bog River -

  • Bog River Falls -

  • Coney Mountain Hike with man's best friend -

  • Tupper Lake Aerial Tour -

  • Padding Hitchins Pond -


Titbits: Motorized Equipment in Wilderness, Primitive and Canoe Areas: DEC has adopted a regulation prohibiting the use of motorized equipment in lands classified as wilderness, primitive or canoe. Public use of small personal electronic or mechanical devices such as cameras, radios or GPS receivers are not affected by this new regulation.




Snowmobiling  (Click on the picture to view the local snowmobile trail map)


Snowmobiling is a major recreational industry in NYS attracting many users to areas with suitable snow cover within the Adirondack Park.   While DEC snowmobile trails do not cross frozen waters a few of the lakes in the area are utilized by snowmobilers to access the marked trails.  In such cases the public must determine if the ice is safe.





  • Otterbrook Road to Five Pond Wilderness (8.5 mi) - (near the Horseshoe Lake ending) is a designated snowmobile trail.

  • Trout Pond (3.7 mi) - extends from the beginning of Lower Dam Road at the junction of Otterbrook Road to Trout Pond and beyond to Sabattis

  • Cut off Road (1 mi)

  • Massawepie Road (2.2 mi)

  • Lower Dam Road (.7 mi)

  • Confier Road (2 mi)

  • Remsen-Lake Placid Travel Corridor (119 miles long) passes through this wilderness

  • Long Lake to Remsen/LP Rr corridor

  • Horseshoe Lake Wild Forest Snowmobile Trail Connection (click on thumbnail below for enlarged viewing)






While this area lacks signage for bicycling, the area provides a lot of opportunity for extensive all terrain mountain bike trail use.   In primitive areas, bicycles are permitted on state truck trails, and bicycling is also permitted on Otterbrook Road from Horseshoe Lake where SH 421 ends through and including the Massawepie Road and Trout Pond trail extending from Lows Lower Dam to Trout Bond.  Bicycling on Yorkshire easement lands are popular due to the numerous logging trails.   However in Primitive areas, bicycle are only permitted on state truck trails.


An abundance of roads and trails within this unit, as well as in the adjacent CLWF, provide a special opportunity for extensive all terrain mountain bike trail use. The area is currently lacking signs indicating where this use may and may not occur.  In Primitive areas, bicycles are permitted on state truck trails specifically designated for their use by DEC in an adopted UMP as well as on roads legally open to the public. Bicycling is also permitted on the following routes: the Otterbrook Road from Horseshoe Lake where SH 421 ends through and including the Massawepie Road, and the Trout Pond trail extending from Lows Lower Dam to Trout Pond. Bicycling on Yorkshire Easement lands has become very popular in recent years due to the numerous logging trails that exist here. These trails are fairly flat so erosion is not a serious threat, however, they will be monitored and problems addressed if they arise.



Cross Country Skiing

  • The old Grass River Railroad "spur" is designated as a cross country/hiking trail.  It is located near the Massawepie Four Corners and is on easement lands. 

  • A developed trail used is the Big Trout Pond snowmobile trail from the Lower Dam to Trout Pond. 

  • Bridge Brook Pond (1.8)

  • Hitchins Pond Overlook above Upper Dam (.5 miles) located north from Upper Dam

  • Twin Mountain Trail (.7 miles) near Mountain Camp

  • Cooney Mountain Path off Route 30 (.6 miles) uses the existing herb path and has some moderate steepness.

  • Trout Pond Lean-to Trail (.3 miles) connects to the Trout Pond Trail




  • Mountain Camp

  • Horseshoe Lake

  • Bridge Brook Pond

  • Lows Upper and Lower Dams


  • Massawepie Road

  • Goodman Parcel

  • Pine Pond Road

  • Mountain Camp Road

  • Lower and Upper Dam Roads

  • Hitchins Pond

  • Horseshoe Lake

  • Mt. Arab


  • Winding Falls

  • Goodman

     Parking Areas

  • Bog River Day Use

  • Horseshoe Lake (4 cars)

  • Lower Dam (40 cars)

  • Bridge Brook Pond (9 cars)

  • Coney Mtn. Trailhead (9 cars)

  • Twin Mountain Trailhead ( 9 cars)

    Picnic Area

  • Bog River Falls (6)

  • Bog River Flow

  • Hitchins Pond

  • Bridge Brook Pond Island (1)

      Vehicle Access (portions of)

  • Otterbrook Road

  • Lower Dam Road

  • Conifer Road

  • Massawepie Road

  • Cut off Road

     Scenic Vistas

  • Arab Mountain Fire Tower - 35' steel tower

  • Top of Mount Arab Fire Tower -


  • Upper Dam

  • Lower Dam

  • Mt. Arab

  • Bridge Brook Pond Trail

  • Coney Mtn. Trail



  • Arab Mountain Fire Tower - Constructed in 1918, 35' steel tower

  • Gravel Mind at Hitchins Pond Road

  • Dog Cemetery at Sabattis on Hutchins Pond

  • Bathroom Building at Tupper Boat Launch, Boat ramp and parking for 35 cars/trailers

  • Gravel mines (two by DEC, at Lows Lake Primitive Area), and Otterbrook Timber on Pine Pond



Adirondack Mountain Club


Lake George


Forest Fire - Search and Rescue


518-891-0235 or 911

State Land Regulation/Backcountry Law Enforcement



Environmental Law Enforcement



Poacher & Polluter Reporting online


1-800-TIPP DEC

State Lands Interactive Map (SLIM)



Wilderness Reports

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